We conducted a survey among 15–24 and 40+ year-olds across 21 countries to explore how childhood is changing.Read more about the survey
On average, three out of five young people say they think the world is progressing toward a better future.
While optimism is common among the young, its degree varies from place to place.
It is highest in Indonesia where 82% of young people believe the world is becoming a better place.
By contrast, only 29% of young people in Mali share this positive outlook for our world.
In all but three countries — India, Morocco, and Nigeria — young people express greater optimism than older people.
In some countries, the gulf between the generations is yawning.
In Japan the two age groups have wildly different views about the world's fortunes.
The same is true in the USA…
Overall, with each additional year of age, people are 1% less likely to say the world is becoming a better place.
Factors other than age also shape people's outlook. People who report facing personal financial struggles are less likely to be optimistic about the world. In addition, women are 6% less likely than men to say that the world is becoming a better place.